You know those fuzzy and warm feeling you get when you cuddle a puppy, hug your friend, or kiss your partner? That’s due to a hormone called oxytocin.
Oxytocin is also popularly known as the love hormone. This love hormone is known for increasing social bonding and trust in society. This hormone also plays a very important role in women for parturition and breastfeeding. But how can this hormone be used for the treatment of psychopathic disorders? This we will find out in this article as oxytocin help in certain social aspects such as trust empathy understanding and bonding but also play a vital role in antidepressant.
So this hormone could be a very important aspect in curing certain psychopathic disorders.
What is Oxytocin?
Oxytocin is a hormone released by the pituitary gland that affects both the body and the brain. In the human body, it facilitates contractions of the uterus during labour and helps release milk during breastfeeding. It is a peptide hormone that is produced by the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary.
When we say it is a peptide hormone it means the hormone contains molecules that are peptides or protein. This affects the endocrine system of the body as they are released directly into the blood.
These are two types either amino acid-based or steroid. Oxytocin is a steroid-based hormone
Studies have shown the importance of oxytocin in parturition lactation and labour induction, social behaviour, and bonding within mother and the infant and in mating pairs. Also, it plays a vital role as social hormones that are maintaining social behaviour involve informing attachment to the other person. This hormone also releases cortisol which is helpful in response to social stress.
There are hurdles to such research. Because oxytocin is a large molecule, it doesn’t cross from the bloodstream into the brain very easily. It is also rapidly degraded in both the stomach and the blood.
Also, researchers don’t know how big doses need to be, or how frequently they should be given to have a meaningful impact, MacDonald a scientific researcher told MyHealthNewsDaily. Figuring out such dosing can be difficult.
Its unique ability to adjust our wiring could remedy symptoms of schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety, and improve social abilities among those with autism.
HOW OXYTOCIN CAN PLAY IMPORTANT ROLE IN THESE DISORDERS?
Psychopathy disorders are known as mental disorders which means individual manifest antisocial behaviour shows a lack of ability to express love and oxytocin being called a love hormone can be important.
Signs of psychopathy disorders
- Socially irresponsible behaviour
- Cannot show empathy
- Tendency to lie often
- Recurring problems with the law and breaking them repeatedly
- It is also known as ASPD which is an antisocial personality disorder.
- Someone who is a loner and reserved introvert should not be confused with ASPD.
- ASPD person is those who go against the social norms and cannot distinguish between right and wrong and does not show love toward other people.
Oxytocin is induced can be the following activities:
- Playing with the dog
- Playing with a baby
- Holding hands
- Hugging your family
- Give compliments
IS OXYTOCIN-THE POTENTIAL HORMONE?
A drug that is used for the treatment of sexual dysfunction sildenafil enhances the release of oxytocin. This drug has shown an antidepressant-like effect through the activation oxytocin signalling pathway.
These show that oxytocin can be used as an antidepressant for psychopathic disorders but how many doses and for how much time will the dosage be given is more research concerned.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF OXYTOCIN
As in new research by North-western Medicine research has shown that oxytocin can cause emotional pain.
This hormone strengthens the social memory in one specific region of the brain and past traumatic events can lead to trigger fear and anxiety in the future.
Erk which is an extracellular signal-regulated kinase is activated for 6 hours after a negative social experience. An Erk signalling molecule is triggered by oxytocin.
So this hormone triggers anxiety and fear in a new stressful situation after a past negative social experience.
So how much effect oxytocin has on a psychopathic patient is still a matter of great research.
PSYCHOPATHIC DISORDERS WHICH CAN BE TREATED BY THIS HORMONE
Psychopathic disorders such as autism and schizophrenia could be treated by oxytocin according to a review article in the September Harvard review of psychiatry.
Studies have reported dysfunction in the oxytocin process in children with autism and related disorders there is also evidence the genes affecting oxytocin such as oxytocin
Receptor- gene may be involved in the development of autism spectrum disorder.
Studies have suggested that it might be a helpful treatment for patients with schizophrenia, with trials reporting encouraging effects on schizophrenia severity and all social cognition.
As this hormone is involved in stress response, studies have looked at the potential role of oxytocin in mood disorder and anxiety disorder. But so far there is little evidence that it is useful for the treatment of anxiety and depression the same is true for the disorders like obsessive-compulsive disorder and borderline personality disorder.